ネイティヴ教育者も驚く知的語彙厳選100

surprise_Fotor

大人のネイティヴが使う知的フレーズ集に続いては、私がオンライン英会話レッスンで学んだ知的語彙をご紹介します。この100個については、ネイティヴの大学講師、現役高校教師、そして言語学や英語教授法の博士号をお持ちの教授クラスの方から一つ一つ聞いたものですから確かなものです。高度な語彙ですし、スピーキングで使うのも良し、ライティングだと更に良しです(๑•ૅૄ•๑)ただし、ノンネイティブでは知らない語も多い為、使う人を間違えない様にしましょう。私は良くこのリストの語彙を使いますが、オンライン英会話レッスンでノンネイティブに使うと『?』感じになりますので、そこはリフレイズで分かりやすい説明をしてあげましょう。英英での意味も付けましたので使ってくださいね( ꒵͒◡ु꒵ ॣ)

(10/14〜25かけて随時イメージも更新します)

1. aberration
(n.) something that differs from the norm
意味:正道[常軌]をはずれること; 脱線(行為)

(使い方)
image__12
in aberration (魔がさして)

2. abhor
(v.) to hate, detest
意味:ぞっとするほど嫌う
Christian Clipart - Cain and Abel

3. acquiesce
(v.) to agree without protesting
意味:(不本意ながら文句も言わないで)〔…に〕同意する
Man and woman shaking hands isolated on a white background.

4. alacrity
(n.) eagerness, speed
意味:敏活,敏速

(例文)
CAL02015-lha
For some reason, Simon loved to help his girlfriend whenever he could, so when his girlfriend asked him to set the table he did so with alacrity.
(どういう風の吹き回しか、サイモンはどんなときでも彼女を喜んで手伝った。もちろん、彼女が食卓に料理を並べて欲しいとお願いしたときも機敏に動いた。)

5. amiable
(adj.) friendly
意味:愛想のよい

(チャンク)
iStock_000015403158XSmall_amiable
an amiable employee (愛想のよい従業員)

6. appease
(v.) to calm, satisfy
意味:(人を)なだめる

(例文)
IMG_6570
When they cries, their mother gives them chocolate to appease them.
(彼女たちが泣いたときは、母親はチョコレートをあげてなだめた。)

7. arcane
(adj.) obscure, secret, known only by a few
意味:難解な

(例文)
howto-tellUK
I couldn’t understand the arcane theories that the teacher was explaining.
(先生が論じた難解な理論について私は理解することができなかった。)

8. avarice
(n.) excessive greed
意味:(金銭に対する)強欲,貪欲

(例文)
My money
The banker’s avarice led him to amass an enormous personal fortune.
(強欲な銀行員は多額の個人資産を蓄えた。)

9. brazen
(adj.) excessively bold, brash, clear and obvious
意味:厚かましい

(例文)
citing
Critics condemned the writer’s brazen attempt to plagiarize other’s work.
(批判家たちは作家の他人の作品を盗作しようとした厚かましい企てを非難した。)

10. brusque
(adj.) short, abrupt, dismissive
意味:ぶっきらぼう

(例文)
1*5QCfDycdGEhUKiuAp_VWVA
John’s brusque manner sometimes offends his colleagues.
(ジョンのぶっきらぼうな態度はときどき彼の同調をいらつかせた。)

11. cajole
(v.) to urge, coax
意味:〈人を〉甘言でつ(ろうとす)る

(例文)

Amanda’s friends cajoled her into drinking too much.
(アマンダの友人は彼女にお酒をすすめすぎた。)

12. callous
(adj.) harsh, cold, unfeeling
意味:無感覚で,平気で

(例文)

The murderer’s callous lack of remorse shocked the jury.
(殺人犯の冷たく、自責の念の欠如は陪審員を驚かせた。)

13. candor
(n.) honesty, frankness
意味:率直、正直

(例文)

We were surprised by the candor of the politician’s speech because he is usually rather evasive.
(政治家の正直なスピーチに我々は驚かされた。なぜなら、彼はむしろ逃避的なところがあるのに。)

14. chide
(v.) to voice disapproval
意味:〔…のことで〕しかる

(例文)
chide
Risa chided her daughter for her vulgar habits and sloppy appearance.
(リサは娘に対して、下品な癖とだらしない服装についてしかった。)

15. circumspect
(adj.) cautious
意味:(人が)用心深い,慎重な

(例文)

In working out his plans he was as cautious and circumspect as could be.
(彼は事を図るにきわめて周到綿密であった.)

16. clandestine
(adj.) secret
意味:秘密の

(チャンク)
clandestine meeting (密会)

17. coerce
(v.) to make somebody do something by force or threat
意味:〈人を〉強制[強要]して〔…〕させる

(チャンク)
coerce obedience
(強いて言うことをきかせる)
200428520-003

18. coherent
(adj.) logically consistent, intelligible
意味:筋の通った,首尾一貫した

(チャンク)
a coherent explanation (理路整然とした説明)

19. complacency
(n.) self-satisfied ignorance of danger
意味:自己満足、ひとりよがり

(例文)

Don’t slip into self‐complacency and step up your efforts.
(自己満足に陥るのではなく、努力を重ねなさい。)

20. confidant
(n.) a person entrusted with secrets
意味:(秘密,特に恋愛問題などを打ち明けられる)腹心の友,親友

(例文)

Shortly after we met, he became my chief confidant.
(会ってすぐに彼は私の最高の親友になった。)

21. connive
(v.) to plot, scheme
意味:(ひそかに)共謀して〈…しようと〉企てる

(例文)
Sweet_Heart_Conspiracy
She connived to get me to give up my plans to start up a new business.
(彼女は私の起業計画を諦めさせようと企んでいた。)

22. cumulative
(adj.) increasing, building upon itself
意味:累積する,累加する

(例文)

The cumulative deficit has reached 500 million yen.
(累積赤字は 5 億円にも達している)

23. debase
(v.) to lower the quality or esteem of something
意味:〈…の〉品質・価値を低下させる

(例文)

You must not debase yourself by such behavior.
そのような行動をして品位を落としてはいけない.

24. decry
(v.) to criticize openly
意味:〈…を〉非難する

(例文)

Most critics decried the project as a waste of money.
(ほとんどの批判家がその計画はお金の無駄だと非難した。)

25. deferential
(adj.) showing respect for another’s authority
意味:敬意を表する,うやうやしい

(チャンク)

in a respectfully deferential manner
(謹んで丁重な態度で)

26. demure
(adj.) quiet, modest, reserved
意味:〈おもに女の人・子供などが〉内気で控えめな

(例文)

Though everyone else at the party was dancing and going crazy, she remained demure.
(皆がパーティーを楽しむ中、彼女は内気で控えめなままだった。)

27. deride
(v.) to laugh at mockingly, scorn
意味:あざける、馬鹿にする

(例文)

The native speaker often derided the Japanese-English teacher’s accent.
(ネイティヴスピーカーはよく日本人英語教員のアクセントを馬鹿にする。)

28. despot
(n.) one who has total power and rules brutally
意味:専制君主、独裁者

(例文)

The despot issued a death sentence for anyone who disobeyed his laws.
(独裁者は彼の法律に従わない者は死刑だと公表した。)

29. diligent
(adj.) showing care in doing one’s work
意味:勤勉な、〈仕事など〉骨を折った、入念な

(例文)

The diligent researcher made sure to double check her measurements.
(熱心な研究者は測定結果を再確認した。)

30. elated
(adj.) overjoyed, thrilled
意味:大喜びする

(例文)

When he found out he had won the lottery, he was elated.
(宝くじが当たったとわかり、彼は大喜びだった。)

31. eloquent
(adj.) expressive, articulate, moving
〈人が〉雄弁な,能弁な

(例文)

He gave such an eloquent speech that most guests were crying.
(彼の素晴らしいスピーチでほとんどのゲストが涙した。)

32. embezzle
(v.) to steal money by falsifying records
意味:横領する

(例文)

The accountant was fired for embezzling $10,000 of the company’s funds.
(会計士は会社の資金から1万ドルを横領したとして解雇された。)

33. empathy
(n.) sensitivity to another’s feelings as if they were one’s own
意味:共感する、感情移入

(例文)

I have empathy for the way you think.
(私はあなたの考え方に共感が持てる。)

34. enmity
(n.) ill will, hatred, hostility
意味:敵意,恨み; 対立

(例文)
canstock15790490
Mary and Rika have clearly not forgiven each other, because the enmity between them is obvious to anyone in their presence.
(メアリーとリカはあからさまに互いを許しておらず、人前では彼等の対立は明らかにわかった。)

35. erudite
(adj.) learned
意味:学識のある,博学な

(例文)
Orange Man Sitting Reading Side View
My English teacher is such an erudite scholar that he has translated some of the most difficult and abstruse Old English poetry.
(私の英語の先生はとても博識のある学者で、最も難しく、難解な英国の詩を翻訳していた。)

36. extol
(v.) to praise, revere
意味:…を〉賞揚[激賞]する

(チャンク)

extol the virtues of one’s children
(その人の子供たちの長所を絶賛する)

37. fabricate
(v.) to make up, invent
意味:①…を組み立てて製造する ②話・うそなどを〉(だまそうと)作り上げる

(例文)

When I arrived an hour late to class, I fabricated some excuse about my car breaking down on the way to work.
(授業に1時間遅れ、途中で車が故障したと言い訳を作った。)

38. feral
(adj.) wild, savage
意味:〈人・性格など〉野性的な; 凶暴な

(例文)

That beast looks so feral that I would fear being alone with it.
(獣は非常に凶暴そうで、私は一人であることに恐怖を感じた。)

39. flabbergasted
(adj.) astounded
意味:驚嘆する、非常に驚く

(例文)
Whenever I read an Agatha Christie mystery novel, I am always flabbergasted when I learn the identity of the murderer.

40. forsake
(v.) to give up, renounce
意味:①〈友などを〉見捨てる ②〈習慣などを〉やめる,捨てる

(例文)

I won’t forsake my conservative principles.
(保守的な考えを私はやめないつもりだ。)

41. fractious
(adj.) troublesome or irritable
意味:〈子供・老人・病人が〉気難しい

(例文)

an incorrigibly fractious young man
(矯正できない程に気難しい青年)

42. furtive
(adj.) secretive, sly
意味:ひそかな,こそこそする,内密の

(例文)

He’s furtive in his manner.
(彼は態度がこそこそしている.)

43. gluttony
(n.) overindulgence in food or drink
意味:大食,暴飲

(チャンク)

extreme gluttony(過度な大食の習慣)

44. gratuitous
(adj.) uncalled for, unwarranted
意味:無料の,無報酬の

(チャンク)
gratuitous service(無料奉仕)

45. haughty
(adj.) disdainfully proud
意味:傲慢(ごうまん)な,横柄な

(例文)

The company president’s haughty dismissal of her employee will backfire on her someday.
(社長の従業員に対する横柄な解雇はいつか裏目にでることだろう。)

46. hypocrisy
(n.) pretending to believe what one does not
意味:偽善

(例文)

We tend to associate politicians with hypocrisy.
(私たちは政治家というと偽善を連想しがちだ。)

47. impeccable
(adj.) exemplary, flawless
意味:欠点のない,申し分のない

(チャンク)

speaks impeccable foreign languages
(完璧な外国語を話す)

48. impertinent
(adj.) rude, insolent
意味:生意気な,失礼な

(例文)

Don’t be impertinent.
(ちょこざいなことを言うな。)

49. implacable
(adj.) incapable of being appeased or mitigated
意味:なだめられない,和解しにくい,執念深い

(例文)

He will make an implacable enemy.
(あの人を敵にすると執念深い)

50. impudent
(adj.) casually rude, insolent, impertinent
意味:厚かましい

(例文)

What an impudent fellow!
(失敬な奴だ)

51. incisive
(adj.) clear, sharp, direct
意味:〈言葉など〉鋭い,単刀直入の

(例文)

His arguments are incisive.
(彼の鋒先は鋭い。)

52. indolent
(adj.) lazy
意味:だらしのない

(チャンク)

to grow lazy and indolent
(気持ちが)怠惰になる

53. inept
(adj.) not suitable or capable, unqualified
意味:不適当な,不適切な; 適性のない

(例文)
one business man silhouette computer computing sleeping tired
He’s totally inept.
(彼は何をしてもだめだ, 全然役に立たない.)

54. infamy
(n.) notoriety, extreme ill repute
意味:悪名、不名誉

(例文)

The infamy of his crime will not lessen as time passes.
(時経っても、彼の悪名は忘れることはないだろう。)

55. inhibit
(v.) to prevent, restrain, stop
意味:〈…を〉防止する,妨げる

(チャンク)

inhibit desires
(欲望を抑える)

56. innate
(adj.) inborn, native, inherent
意味:〈性質など〉生来の,生得の、先天的な

(例文)

Her incredible athletic talent is innate.
(彼女の飛び抜けたアスリートの才能は生まれ持ったものだ。)

57. insatiable
(adj.) incapable of being satisfied
意味:飽くことを知らない,強欲な

(例文)
100811080352380410
His avarice is insatiable.
(彼の強欲は飽くことを知らぬ)

58. insular
(adj.) separated and narrow-minded; tight-knit, closed off
意味:狭量な

(チャンク)
insular spirit (島国根性)
photo

59. intrepid
(adj.) brave in the face of danger
意味:〈人・行為が〉勇猛な

(例文)
After scaling a live volcano prior to its eruption, the explorer was praised for his intrepid attitude.

60. inveterate
(adj.) stubbornly established by habit
意味:〈病気・習慣など〉慢性の,常習的な

(例文)
I’m the first to admit that I’m an inveterate cider drinker—I drink four pints a day.

61. jubilant
(adj.) extremely joyful, happy
意味:(歓声をあげて)喜ぶ,歓喜に酔って(いる)

(例文)
The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building.

62. knell
(n.) the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death
意味:鐘声; (特に教会の)弔いの鐘

(例文)
Echoing throughout our village, the funeral knell made the grey day even more grim.

63. lithe
(adj.) graceful, flexible, supple
意味:〈人・ものが〉しなやかな,柔軟な

(例文)
Although the dancers were all outstanding, Joanna’s control of her lithe body was particularly impressive.

64. lurid
(adj.) ghastly, sensational
意味:不気味な,恐ろしい,ぞっとするような

(例文)
Barry’s story, in which he described a character torturing his neighbour’s tortoise, was judged too lurid to be published on the English Library’s website.

65. maverick
(n.) an independent, nonconformist person
意味:無所属の人,異端者

(例文)
Joe is a real maverick and always does things his own way.
(ジョーは本当に一匹おおかみで、いつも自分のやり方で物事を扱った。)

66. maxim
(n.) a common saying expressing a principle of conduct
意味:金言

(例文)
Ms. Stone’s etiquette maxims are both entertaining and instructional.

67. meticulous
(adj.) extremely careful with details
意味:細かいことによく気を配る,きちょうめんな

(例文)
The ornate needlework in the bride’s gown was a product of meticulous handiwork.

68. modicum
(n.) a small amount of something
意味:少量

(例文)
Refusing to display even a modicum of sensitivity, Magda announced her boss’s affair to the entire office.

69. morose
(adj.) gloomy or sullen
意味:気難しい

(例文)
David’s morose nature made him very unpleasant to talk to.

70. myriad
(adj.) consisting of a very great number
意味:無数の

(例文)
It was difficult to decide what to do on Saturday night because the city presented us with myriad possibilities for fun.

71. nadir
(n.) the lowest point of something
意味:どん底

(例文)
My day was boring, but the nadir came when my new car was stolen.

72. nominal
(adj.) trifling, insignificant
意味:わずかな

(例文)
Because he was moving the following week and needed to get rid of his furniture more than he needed money, Kim sold everything for a nominal price.

73. novice
(n.) a beginner, someone without training or experience
意味:初心者

(例文)
Because we were all novices at archery, our instructor decided to begin with the basics

74. nuance
(n.) a slight variation in meaning, tone, expression
意味:微妙な差違

(例文)
The nuances of the poem were not obvious to the casual reader, but the teacher was able to point them out.

75. oblivious
(adj.) lacking consciousness or awareness of something
意味:〔…を〕忘れて

(例文)
Oblivious to the burning smell emanating from the kitchen, my father did not notice that the rolls in the oven were burned until much too late.

76. obsequious
(adj.) excessively compliant or submissive
意味:〈人・態度など〉こびへつらう

(例文)
Donald acted like Susan’s servant, obeying her every request in an obsequious manner.

77. obtuse
(adj.) lacking quickness of sensibility or intellect
意味:鈍感な、愚鈍な

(例文)
Political opponents warned that the prime minister’s obtuse approach to foreign policy would embroil the nation in mindless war.

78. panacea
(n.) a remedy for all ills or difficulties
意味:万能薬

(例文)
Doctors wish there was a single panacea for every disease, but sadly there is not.

79. parody
(n.) a satirical imitation
意味:パロディ

(例文)
A hush fell over the classroom when the teacher returned to find Magdalena acting out a parody of his teaching style.

80. penchant
(n.) a tendency, partiality, preference
意味:〔…への〕強い好み,偏好; 傾向

(例文)
Fiona’s dinner parties quickly became monotonous on account of her penchant for Indian dishes.

81. perusal
(n.) a careful examination, review
意味:熟読,閲読

(例文)
The actor agreed to accept the role after a three-month perusal of the movie script.

82. plethora
(n.) an abundance, excess
意味:過度

(例文)
The wedding banquet included a plethora of oysters piled almost three feet high.

83. predilection
(n.) a preference or inclination for something
意味:〔…に対する〕先入的愛好,偏愛,好み,ひいき

(例文)
James has a predilection for eating toad in the whole with tomato ketchup.

84. quaint
(adj.) charmingly old-fashioned
意味:古風で趣のある

(例文)
Mary was delighted by the quaint bonnets she saw in Romania.

85. rash
(adj.) hasty, incautious
意味:気の早い、無謀な

(例文)
It’s best to think things over calmly and thoroughly, rather than make rash decisions.

86. refurbish
(v.) to restore, clean up
意味:〈…を〉磨き直す; 一新する

(例文)
After being refurbished the old Triumph motorcycle commanded the handsome price of $6000.

87. repudiate
(v.) to reject, refuse to accept
意味:〈非難・嫌疑などを〉不正[不当]だと言う,否認する

(例文)
Tom made a strong case for an extension of his curfew, but his mother repudiated it with a few biting words.

88. rife
(adj.) abundant
意味:〔悪いことが〕いっぱいで,充満して,おびただしくて 〔with〕

(例文)
Surprisingly, the teacher’s writing was rife with spelling errors.
(驚いた事に、先生の文はまちがいだらけだった)

89. salient
(adj.) significant, conspicuous
意味:顕著な,目立った

(例文)
One of the salient differences between Alison and Helen is that Alison is a couple of kilos heavier.

90. serendipity
(n.) luck, finding good things without looking for them
意味:思わぬものを偶然に発見する才能[能力]

(例文)
I happened to meet him there by sheer serendipity.
(思わぬ偶然のおかげで私はそこでたまたま彼に出会った。)

91. staid
(adj.) sedate, serious, self-restrained
意味:落ち着いた,まじめな,着実な

(例文)
The staid butler never changed his expression no matter what happened.

92. superfluous
(adj.) exceeding what is necessary
意味:余分の,余計な

(例文)
Samantha had already won the campaign so her constant flattery of others was superfluous.

93. sycophant
(n.) one who flatters for self-gain
意味:へつらう人

(例文)
Some see the people in the cabinet as the Prime Minister’s closest advisors, but others see them as sycophants.

94. taciturn
(adj.) not inclined to talk
意味:無口な,口数の少ない

(例文)
Though Magda never seems to stop talking, her brother is quite taciturn.

95. truculent
(adj.) ready to fight, cruel
意味:獰猛(どうもう)な,残忍な

(例文)
This club doesn’t really attract the dangerous types, so why was that bouncer being so truculent?

96. umbrage
(n.) resentment, offense
意味:不快,立腹

(例文)He called me a lily-livered coward, and I took umbrage at the insult.

97. venerable
(adj.) deserving of respect because of age or achievement
意味:〈人が〉(人格高潔・高位・高齢などから)尊敬するに足る,尊ぶべき

(例文)
The venerable High Court judge had made several key rulings in landmark cases throughout the years.

98. vex
(v.) to confuse or annoy
意味:〈人を〉いらだたせる

(例文)
My boyfriend vexes me by pinching my bottom for hours on end.

99. vociferous
(adj.) loud, boisterous
意味:人・言葉が〉大声で叫ぶ

(例文)
I’m tired of his vociferous whining so I’m breaking up with him.

100. wanton
(adj.) undisciplined, lewd, lustful
意味:①理由のない,むちゃくちゃな ②〈人・考えなど〉浮気な,多情な,不貞な

(例文)
Joanna’s wanton demeanor often made the frat guys next door very excited.

おまけ:zenith
(n.) the highest point, culminating point
意味:〔名声・成功・権勢などの〕頂点,絶頂⇔(nadir) の正反対に位置する点

(例文)
I was too nice to tell Emily that she had reached the absolute zenith of her career with that one top 10 hit of hers.

コメントを残す

以下に詳細を記入するか、アイコンをクリックしてログインしてください。

WordPress.com ロゴ

WordPress.com アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト / 変更 )

Twitter 画像

Twitter アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト / 変更 )

Facebook の写真

Facebook アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト / 変更 )

Google+ フォト

Google+ アカウントを使ってコメントしています。 ログアウト / 変更 )

%s と連携中

%d人のブロガーが「いいね」をつけました。